Al-Shouf Cedar Nature Reserve, enclosing the three cedars forests of Maasir Shouf, Barouk and Ain Zhalta/ Bmohray, is located on the western slopes of Mount Lebanon chain and reaches from Dahr al Baidar in the North to Niha Mountain near Jezzine in the South. The Niha Mountain, with only scattered patches of trees, represents the natural southern limit of Lebanese cedar (Cedrus libani).
Covering nearly 2% of Lebanese territory, Al-Shouf Cedar Nature reserve is the largest Nature Reserve in Lebanon and is considered as a suitable location for the conservation of large mammals such as the wolf and the caracal lynx, and eventually an adapted site for the reintroduction of previously extinct species such as the mountain gazelle and the Nubian Ibex.
The importance of Al-Shouf Cedar Nature Reserve is particularly related to the presence of:
- 25% of the remaining cedar forests in Lebanon.
- 32 mammal species.
- Located on the important intercontinental migratory route for birds, the Reserve is considered as an IBA (Important Bird Area).
- Presence of ancient ruins such as the spectacular Niha cave fortress and cultural sites.
Since 2005, Al-Shouf Cedar Nature Reserve as well as Ammiq wetland are part of the Man and the Biosphere Reserves. "The Al-Shouf Biosphere Reserve", covers about 5% of the country and extends along the ridge of Mount Lebanon’s western chain at an altitude of 1000 to 2000 meters, including 24 villages.
For more info about Tannourine Cedar Forest Nature Reserve, please visit the Ministry Of Environment official website: www.moe.gov.lb/